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HTML, which stands for HyperText Markup Language, is the standard markup language used for creating web pages and applications. It provides the structure and content of a webpage, defining how the page is organized and displayed in web browsers. An HTML document consists of a set of tags and elements that enclose the content and provide instructions to the browser on how to render it.

The basic structure of an HTML document follows this general format:


<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>Page Title</title>
    <!-- Content goes here -->

Let's break down each section of the HTML document:

  • <!DOCTYPE html>: This declaration is placed at the beginning of the HTML document to specify the HTML version being used. In this case, it indicates the use of HTML5.
  • <html>: This tag represents the root element of an HTML document. It encloses all the other elements on the page.
  • <head>: This section contains meta-information about the HTML document, such as the page title, linked stylesheets, scripts, and other metadata.
  • <title>: This tag defines the title of the webpage, which is displayed in the browser's title bar or tab.
  • <body>: This section contains the main content of the webpage, including text, images, links, and other elements that make up the visible part of the page. Content within the <body> element is typically marked up with various HTML tags that define the structure and formatting of the content. Examples of such tags include <h1> for headings, <p> for paragraphs, <a> for links, <img> for images, and many more.

Comments can be added within the HTML code using <!-- comment goes here -->. They are not displayed on the webpage but can be useful for providing notes or explanations to other developers.

That's a basic overview of the structure of an HTML document. With HTML, you can create well-organized and structured web pages by utilizing a wide range of tags and elements to define content and its presentation.